SDG research centers of the National University of Uzbekistan.

Climate change adaptation planning, coastal and water management through development interventions, biodiversity, natural disaster and natural hazard management are embedded in  city, state and regional levels.

Several scientific schools have been created at the National University of Uzbekistan, which have their research principles and methods in various fields of climate change and environmental protection. The scientists who created these scientific schools and their followers are conducting several scientific and practical research in climate change and environmental protection. Researchers and teachers of this scientific school carry out scientific activities in the fields related to the development of social, moral, economic and ecological stability in modern society.

The scientific centers of the National University of Uzbekistan include the Scientific School of Natural Compounds and Bioorganic Chemistry, Scientific School of Angulation and Acylation of Aromatic Compounds, Scientific School of Analytical Chemistry, Scientific School of Coordination Compound Chemistry, Scientific School of Macrocycle Chemistry, Scientific School of Vertebrate Zoology, Scientific School of Biochemistry, Cotton Genetics Scientific School, Scientific School of Biophysics, Scientific School of Genetic Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Central Asian Scientific School of Lithology and Formation, Scientific School of Hydrogeology of Uzbekistan, Scientific School of Magmatism and Geodynamics-Petrology, Scientific School of Micro and Nanomineralogy of Uzbekistan, Scientific School of Natural Geography – Landscape Science, Uzbekistan Scientific schools of social and economic geography are active.

The research center is researching various scientific projects related to the environment and climate change. Including:

Creation of a digital geoinformation bank with the assessment of their salinity adaptation potential for regionalization of new varieties of desert forage crops

The expected result of the project by testing 15 varieties of desert nutritive plants under different environmental and soil conditions, varieties adapted to local conditions will be selected and planted, which will increase the productivity of the desert pastures in crisis.

For the first time in Uzbekistan, identification of genetic markers related to the adaptation of plants to adverse environmental conditions for desert plants. Their adaptive properties to various environmental factors, including soil salinity, drought, etc., are evaluated. Assessment of degraded lands is carried out using GAT technologies, thematic electronic maps and recommendations are developed. More…

Improvement of soil properties by the introduction of biopreparations in the dry bottom area of the Aral Sea and selection of salt-resistant species by using mineralized collector water for growing pasture crops.

As a result of the implementation of the project, a scientific basis will be created for improving the properties of the soil in the dry bottom of the Aral Sea with varying degrees of salinity and water scarcity, and for activating the process of soil formation by using various biopreparations. As a result, innovative measures for growing plants resistant to different levels and types of salinity will be developed in the dry bottom of the island. The importance of the obtained results is that during the period of initial soil formation in the sandy bottom of the Island, moisture, physical and chemical properties are improved, and enzymes and microorganisms activity is restored. It will be possible to grow different plants in the area. This makes it possible to create a green space in the dry bottom of the Aral Sea, reduce the flying of sand and salts and evaporation of moisture, increase the biological quality of the area, and make it possible to use various plants grown on several million hectares of the dry bottom of the Aral Sea in different sectors. More…

Integrated use of ground-based observational data and solar radiation data from geostationary weather satellites for the sustainable development of agriculture, water resources and energy sources

Sustainable development of agriculture is one of the many goals set in Uzbekistan within the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Water scarcity and climate change in Central Asia require continuous monitoring and significant resources. However, drought as one of the consequences of water scarcity is difficult to predict, and basic drought indicators are not easy to apply. Solar radiation is one of the parameters affecting water scarcity through evaporation at high temperatures. On the other hand, the amount of energy obtained can be transferred to a renewable zero-carbon energy source.

The goal of the project is to combine solar radiation data from geostationary meteorological satellites and terrestrial meteorological observations to create a monitoring system using remote sensing data to study the conditions that lead to drought and analyze renewable energy sources. Monitoring of these data using meteorological satellites with an accuracy of 0.1×0.1o and an observation network is important in creating a basis for the future sustainable development of Uzbekistan. More…

Breeding of some plants belonging to the Fabaceae family in the saline areas of the dry bottom of the Aral Sea and creating new plantations of them

The initial stage of environmental monitoring is to systematize information on the ecological condition of the territories, to assess their complexity and belonging to different types. An ecologically safe, rational system of using existing plants and their seed stock in the island territory, advanced mechanisms of pasture management, effective technologies for the improvement of crisis areas and promising phytomeliorants will be developed.

The purpose of the project: scientific and research work is carried out on the introduction of ready-made plants or crop species with a seed reserve adapted to the ecological, soil-climatic conditions of the dry bottom of the Aral Sea by the salinity level of the soil and the requirements of the acceptable biological environment. facilities and development of scientifically based recommendations for their restoration. More…

Dynamics of glaciers degradation due to climate change and its impacts on river flow in the mountain systems of Uzbekistan.

The geographical location of Uzbekistan, sharply continental, hot and dry climate determines the distribution of water resources in mountainous and lowland areas. The lowlands of the republic are the areas of irrigated agriculture, which are the main consumers of water resources. The main catchment area of the region is the mountainous and sub-mountainous regions of the republic. River flows depend on seasonal snow cover, glaciers and rainwater. Climate change occurring on the surface of the earth harms the area of permanent glaciers in the mountainous regions of Uzbekistan.

Due to the complexity of the observation process in high mountain areas, the possibility of regular monitoring of the state of glaciers is limited. The most effective tool for studying the melting processes of glaciers in Uzbekistan is the use of remote sensing and GAT technologies.

Using satellite images and GAT technologies, it is possible to determine the dynamics of changes in the area of glaciers in the mountain ranges of Uzbekistan. More…

Assessment of water scarcity in the coastal and semi-coastal river basins of Uzbekistan and India and the impact of dams and climate change on the coast

Assessment of meteorological drought, hydrological drought and water scarcity in Chirchiq (Uzbekistan) and Tapi (India) rivers – drought indices for a certain period under natural conditions and the influence of Charbog (Uzbekistan) and Ukay (India) dams in selected river basins. Determining the main characteristics of meteorological drought in the basins of the Chirchik and Tapi rivers, forecasting and evaluating it under different time-period climate scenarios using drought indices. Statistical evaluation of the impact of climate change on meteorological and hydrological drought, the study of interannual fluctuation of meteorological drought, and description of meteorological drought based on the data of Piskom and Yangiyol meteorological station. Important results obtained during the reporting period (at the end of the project): The hydrological and meteorological data observed in the Chirchik river basin were summarized and primarily processed. Appropriate indicators of drought were selected to describe meteorological and hydrological drought in the Chirchik River. The annual and seasonal flow variability of the Chirchik River was evaluated. Meteorological and hydrological drought indices (SPI, SSI, Run theory) were described and determined. Correlations between meteorological and hydrological drought indices were determined. “Hit-score” indices were determined in the different provisions of meteorological and hydrological drought indices. Correlations between meteorological and hydrological drought indices were evaluated using the displacement method.

The university aims to understand the relationships between people, place and change through collaborative transdisciplinary approaches. Through its research centers focused on sustainability, the National University of Uzbekistan aims to contribute to positive change for a socially just and prosperous world by providing evidence-based solutions for policy, poverty and social injustice, climate change mitigation, and providing evidence-based solutions for planning and decision-making.  More…

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